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Yellow Banks Park

Yellow Banks Park
6801 SE 32nd Avenue
Pleasant Hill, IA 50317

Park Office Phone Number: 515-266-1563  

Ranger Cell Phone Number: 515-250-1031

As the name implies, 150-foot high “yellow banks tower above the Des Moines River in this southeast Polk County park. Native American artifacts have been found in the park, along with a burial mound. This 576-acre park awards its visitors with a medley of recreational opportunities such as camping, picnicking and picnic shelters, hiking, play-grounds, fishing, ball fields, and two boat ramps for both pond and river access. Migrating hawks and bald eagles are often spotted along this wild stretch of river. Don’t forget to hike the Savanna Trail and marvel at a rare oak savanna woodland.

Thomas Mitchell Park's recreational facilities include:

Reservations for the Modern Rental Cabin and some campsites can be made on-line at www.mycountyparks.com. Prices can be found here. Online reservations are available for camping between April 15 & October 15.

RECREATIONAL MAPS

Reservations for the Modern Rental Cabin and some campsites can be made on-line at www.mycountyparks.com. Prices can be found here. Online reservations are available for camping between April 15 & October 15.

PARK HOURS

  • Summer Hours | 6:30 a.m. - 10:30 p.m.
  • Winter Hours | Sunrise to sunset

HISTORY

Named by the yellowish-colored bluffs that border the park, Yellow Banks Park is great for hiking, wildlife viewing, camping, and relaxing. Glaciers formed the beautifully scenic bluffs that overlook the Des Moines River long ago during the last Ice Age. This nearly 600-acre park has offered breathtaking views and important resources for years. Yellow Banks Park was acquired by Polk County Conservation in 1980, but its history does not start there.

For almost 10,000 years, this favorable spot was home to many different groups of people. It started with the Paleo-Indian culture (about 12,000 - 8,000 years ago), who were semi-nomadic hunters of bison. These people inhabited the land during the last glacial events of the Ice Age; it was very wet, cool, and heavily forested. They crafted spear points to hunt big game, stone knives for butchering, and hide scrapers used for dressing hides.

The Archaic-Indian culture (about 8,000 – 3,000 years ago) were hunters of bison and smaller game animals, and gatherers of several nuts, seeds, and berries. Grinding stones were used to process the seeds and nuts. Stone axes were created for woodworking. This culture also invented the atlatl, a spear thrower designed to help throw spears harder and farther.

The Woodland-Indian culture (about 3,000 – 1,000 years ago) obtained a more permanent lifestyle. Pottery was introduced during this time, made with clay and sand or grit, and were often decorated. Gardens were planted with crops such as sunflowers, pigweed, and marsh elder; some crops were imports from Mexico, like corn and squash. The bow and arrow was innovated by these people, which helped hunting accuracy and efficiency. High on the bluffs, they built burial mounds, usually circular in shape, for loved ones and important belongings.

The Oneota culture (about 1,000 years ago to European settlement) spent their time hunting, fishing, plant collecting, and farming. Crops such as varieties of corn, beans, squash, and sunflowers were grown throughout the seasons. Villages lived along rivers in sturdy longhouses, and tools evolved to be much more efficient in design. This culture prospered in the area for many years; the Meskwaki tribe inhabited the general area until 1845. Not long after, this space was popular for its abundance in timber; it provided this crucial resource during the first settlement. Settlers also used much of the area for pasture.

During the 1960s, the development of the railroad through this area was halted after uncovering a number of irreplaceable artifacts, which were then excavated by archaeologists. From hunting weapons and tools for preparing food, to ceremonial axes and large burial mounds, these artifacts span a range of thousands of years of civilization. Finding these artifacts have given people an incredible insight to what life was like long before we came along. Today, the park still captivates visitors with its natural beauty and fascinating history, showing that Yellow Banks Park truly is one of a kind.

TRAILS

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Parks, trails, and campgrounds are open! More information... COVID-19 Operations Update